When he viewed that so many casualties and wounded during ongoing Italy Unifying Wars were left lying uncared and helpless, he in no time began taking care of them. Since then he had not only spoken the miserable conditions of war victims but extended his activities appealing for the importance of unbiased caring for wounded soldiers, friend or foe, on the battlefields. This appeal had attracted large waves of approvals and supports from every part of the world, finally leading to the birth of International Red Cross. He was awarded in 1901 with the first Nobel Peace Prize.
Proposed, during the 2nd Middle East War, the establishment of United Nations Emergent Troops, the forerunner of the present U.N. Peace Keeping Activities, in an effort to help solve the disputes. In 1957 he was awarded with Nobel Peace Prize. The U.N. Peace Keep-ing Activities exists for the purpose of making every kind of effort to help solve the ongoing disputes through dialogues among the parties or states concerned by means of intently keeping watch on armistice, withdrawal of troops an so on, working between parties concerned , as a measure for keeping peace in the areas or states in conflicts.
In 1949 after he knew the miserable situation prevalent in the refugee camps, he established an organization providing with food, clothes and medical supplies in an effort to help refugees in distress in Europe just after the ended World War 2nd . In 1958 he was awarded with Nobel Peace Prize. He had been determined in his belief that “Peace comes only after the poverties are totally gone and vanished.”. Since then he had worked harder in order to help solve the poverties across Europe, e.g. through his another establishment of NGO Peace Island.
He took Silver Medal Prize in Man's 1,500m tracks in Antwerp Olympics held in 1920. Through his service done during the World War 2nd he somehow joined the activities for Peace and Disarmament. He was awarded with Nobel Peace Prize in 1959. Even since then he had worked even harder in an endeavour in the front for Peace and against Nuclear Weapons. As of 2017, Philip was the only Olympic medal athlete that had been awarded with Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1952 he was elected president of the African National Congress(ANC) in South Africa. In the 1950s he led opposition struggling against apartheid. In 1960 he was awarded with Nobel Peace Prize. Apartheid means racial separation system which had especially for many years plagued South Africa where Whites and Colored had been severely and very harshly separated in any sectors and fields. In 1994 all races gathered and held the first general election in South African history, eventually having abolished this system.
He was one of the most important chemists of the 20th century. He was awarded in 1954 with Nobel Chemistry Prize for his reaserchs in the fundamentals on combination of chemical elements. In 1946 he participated in the Emergent Committee for Nuclear Scientists held for the purpose of pursuit for peaceful use of nuclear power system as well as warning against grave risks taken involving development of nuclear weapons. Ever since he had worked very hard to lead opposition against ongoing nuclear weapons tests. He was awarded in 1962 with Nobel Peace Prize.
He worked as France representative for the United Nations. He was awarded in 1968 with Nobel Peace Prize for his remarkable works and contributions drafting the Universal Declation of Human Rights, adopted in 1948 by U.N. General Assembly. The said declaration was to announce the general standards that all people and all nations should accomplish so as to respect and secure the human rights and freedom.
In 1919 ILO was founded, with the principles, “To solve the labour problems and issues will lead to the world peace.”, for the purpose of the improvement of working conditions and living standard of labourers. In 1946 this organization was the first specialized one that made an agreement with the U.N. In 1969, 50th anniversary year of the foundation, ILO was awarded with Nobel Peace Prize.
He was an American agronomist who led initiatives worldwide by leading Green Revolution aiming at the reduction of famines through development of new agricultu-ral techniques and skills such as improvement of grains' variety. He contributed to the extensive increases in grain production right in middle south Americas or Aisa suffering from food crisis, eventually giving much of reliefs to the people in need of food. He was awarded in 1970 with Nobel Peace Prize.
In an effort to end Vietnam War, Mr. Re Duku Toh from North Vietnam and America's Henry Kissinger met in Paris, 1973 to temporarily sign the Peace Treaty. Afterward all 4 parties concered gathered in Paris from Vietnam Democratic Republics, South Vietnam Republic Temporary Revolutionary Government, U.S.A. and Vietnam Republic States to sign Paris Agreement. RDT and Kissinger were both offered Nobel Peace Prize in 1973. RDT however declined to be awarded for the reason that the Vietnam War was not ended then. As of the year 2017, RDT was the only person who declined to be awarded.
He co-founded Amnesty International aiming at the realization of the world where there were no people suffering from such violation of human rights as disputes, poverties, tortures, discriminations and so on, went forward acting vigorously and wide by chairing Int'l Legal Affairs Committee and Namibia UN member etc. In 1978 he announced Bradford proposal at the first special meeting of UN Disarmament Activities in an effort to restrict war weapons across the world. He was awarded in 1974 with Nobel Peace Prize.
He proposed three non-nuclear principles; Japan not possessing, manufacturing nor letting others smuggle any nuclear weapons. He also announced that in case Okinawa was not returned to Japan, after-war of Japan was not yet finished or realized, referring to the Okinawa which had been long occupied and under the control of USA. Several years later Okinawa was officially returned to Japan. He was awarded in 1974 with Nobel Peace Prize.
She was a Roman Catholic nun in Calcutta, India. She had devoted her life to serving the poors and destitutes in-need living in slums since she was given the instruction by God to serve the poorest poors. She had worked very hard worldwide to establish such facilities as a hospice called 'House for people waiting for death' and nursing homes for infants and children. Much donations eventually had come to her from many her supporters from around the world. She was awarded in 1979 with Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1967 he endeavored actively as chairman of preparatory committee disarming Middle-South America states for parties concerned to sign the Treaty for Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and Caribbean, Treaty of Tlatelalco, for the purpose of totally banning Nuclear Weapons' test, usage, production, acquirement, storage, deployment and so on. 14 Latin states signed the treaty. He was awarded in 1982 with Nobel Peace Prize.
He penned his memoir book, Night, depicting his horrible experience as a prisoner at Nazi camp, which has been translated into many languages. He proceeded further into the acitivities for Peace and Human rights such as helping Cambosian refugees and victims/their families in Africa related to human slaughters rampant then and there. In 1986 he was awarded with Nobel Peace Prize.
He strove decisively through his 'Perestroika' when he was in charge of Soviet Union to not only proceed in reduction of unnecessary military forces but also create reforms improving the Soviet standard of living, together with providing more democracy and freedom, eventually making better the relations with the Western nations. And he was a really big-shot who brought the Cold War to the end, that is, nearly the war between Capitalism and Democracy in West led by big boss USA, and Communism and Socialism in EAST led by Soviet. He also made efforts to bring the Treaty for Banning All Middle-Ranged Nuclear Weapons to be signed, which was another example showing that he devoted his political energies to the world peace.He was awarded in 1990 with Nobel Peace Prize.
Since she came back home in Myanmar in '80s, she had become an activist against the brutal rule by Myanmar armed forces. Without use of any violent force, she absorbed herself in democratic movement in that country and kept resisting against the ruling forces. Although she had been under house arrest for 14 years in total, she had never given up her belief, eventually awarded in 1991 with Nobel Peace Prize. Her father was Aung San who was called 'Father who brought independence to Myanmar'.
Since when she was a young girl, she has felt unpleased and distressed by prevailing racial discriminations and exploitation against Guatemalan indigenous people. She made large efforts in restoring human rights by calling out loud to native people in Latin American countries who were also suffering from similar discriminations and ppressions. For these remarkable efforts made, she was awarded in 1992 with Nobel Peace Prize. She is still working actively in her own way for human rights and peace.
Arrested and sentenced to life-in-prison for his activities against South Africa as an anti-apartheid leader. Known as the very symbol of anti-apartheid, numerous numbers of pleas and requests arrived from across the world to free him. He anway had been prisoned for as much as 27 years. In 1994 he got elected in a fully democratic election as the first black president of the country. He was awarded in 1993 with Nobel Peace prize.
He was the first president of Palestinian Authority(PA). He had been chairman(1969-2004) of Palestine Liberation Organization, PLO, founded so as to free Palestine from then ruler, Israel. He had led Palestinian activities for many years for freedom. In 1993 through Nowegian Foreign Minister's in-between, he led the PLO to a peace agreement with Israel, finally approaching to solution of Palestinian issues. He was awarded in 1994 with Nobel Peace Prize.
During World War II, Physicist Rotblat participated in American Project for nuclear weapons development. After the war ended, he left the project for the reason that any more development should be stopped. He became a signatory of the 1955 Russell-Einstein Manifesto demanding for discontiuation of war as well as abolition of nuclear weapons. He played a major role at the Pugwash Conferences founded on basis of said manifesto. He was co-awarded in 1995 together with Pugwash C. with Nobel Peace Prize.
After being a journalist, he took part in East Timorese resistance demanding for separation and independence from Indonesia. Since the invasion of Indonesia, he had served as the exiled spokesman for the resistance requesting for as much supports as possible from across the world. He was awarded in 1996 with Nobel Peace Prize.
She launched an international campaign NGO for prohibition and elimination of anti-personnel landmines. She was a driving force in realization of Ottawa Treaty banning the use and production of all anti-personnel landmines as well as clearing landmines and providing assistance to the victioms. As she was highly praised for her activities, she was co-rewarded in 1997 together with said NGO with Nobel Peace Prize.
Doctors Without Borders is their English name. It is an international NGO established in 1971 to provide medical care and humanitarian assistance in such troubled areas as states devastated by natural disasters or war-torn zones across the world. They have provided indiscriminate services and supports to countless victims beyond any borders such as races, religions, beliefs, and politics. They were awarded in 1999 with Nobel Peace Prize.
Elected 15th President of South Korea. In 1970's he led the democratization movement against the ruling dictatorial military force. Known for an international incident which happened in 1973 when he was the very person kidnapped in Tokyo and released 5days later in S. Korea. The ruling government occasionally cracked ddown on him, who was sent to prison for his antagonism against them. During his presidency, with his policy campaign of Sunshine, he made real the 1st meeting in 2000 the heads of both Koreas. They announced Joint Declaration appealing for re-unification. For his never-give-up power and effort made for peace of the peninsula, he was awarded in 2000 with Nobel Peace Prize.
Noting reflectively that the League of Nations had not functioned well enough to prevent the WW II, 51 member nations gathered on October 24th 1945 to found the U.N. Their main active purpose was to made real international cooperation in the fields of economies, societies, cultures etc. as well as to preserve international peace and order. The U.N. Was co-awarded in 2001 together with Secretary General Annan with Nobel Peace Prize.
He was the engine force making the peace real between Egypt and Israel who had been antagonizing each other for many years, surprisingly culminating in reaching each other's acknowledgement and signage of Camp David Agreement. Even since leaving White House, he has never stopped being active as a diplomat, eventually being awarded in 2002 with Nobel Peace Prize.
As a Kenyan environmental political activist, she fought vigorously in her Green Belt Movement thwarting the ongoing desertification in Africa, eventually having finished afforestation amounting to 30 million trees planted in total in about 30 years. Also fought for women's rights and democratization, being named 'Green Fighter' after her attitude and postures of never giving in to any oppression. She was the 1st African woman that in 2004 received Nobel Peace Prize. Wehn she visited Japan in 2005, she was very impressed by Japanese traditional slogan 'Mottai-nai' meaning, “Think twice before you throw away something!”. She even developed her campaign of this Japanese slogan, calling out for much more effective use of every kind of resources.
The IAEA was established in 1957 as an automonous organization under the U.N. to secure the prevention of possible change of nuclear technology into military use as well as scientific and technical cooperation in the peaceful use of nuclear technology. They are called Nuclear Guardian, for they burden the role to make preventing inspection on nuclear proliferation. The headquarters is located in Vienna, Austria. The IAEA and Director General ElBaradei were jointly awarded in 2005 with Nobel Peace Prize.
The Grameen Bank came into operation in 1976 in order to extend banking system even to much smaller loans for poorer people. They were called Bank for Poors, for they mainly provided loans to poors in the farm villages. The bank really contributed to the construction of economic and social foundation for the poors through unsecured loans with low interest. The bank and its founder, Mohammad Yunus, were jointly awarded in 2006 with Nobel Peace Prize.
Since school days, he has been keenly interested in climate change. All over the world he has been active full of energy and vigor, making numerous presentations on many occasions about Stop Earth's Warming. He appeared himself in the the documentary film named 'An Inconvenient Truth' covering his lectures given across the States. The said film was awarded with the 79th US Academy Long-Range Documentary Film Prize. He was awarded in 2007 with Nobel Peace Prize for his extreme contribution made leading to enlightenment of climate change issue.
Established in 2000 Crisis Management Initiative shouldering the international conflict resolution and peace construction. He made great efforts and contributed to resolution of disputes happening across the world by playing a grave chairman role of Independence Committee as to securing the safety of United Nations staff members delegated to Iraq as well as working hard as a U.N. Special envoy helping solve the issue of Servia/Cosobo. He was awarded in 2008 with Nobel Peace Prize.
American politician who served as the 44th President of the USA. He was awarded in 2009 with Nobel Peace Prize, for he had shown such a clear direction at nuclear weapons' abolition as his Prague Speech made in 2009 appealing, 'We now definitely need the world without nuclear weapons.' He was the first incumbent US president that in 2016 visited Hiroshima city, which had suffered from atomic bombing, and frankly spoke of world peace as well as human's want for nuclear weapons' abolition.
She led the human rights' group “Women Journalists Without Chains”, which she co-founded in 2005. Also led anti-government movement not only in Arab's Spring, the citizen's non-violent democratization movement in middle east states, but also in Yemeni Uprising which broke out in a landsliding way against Yemeni government. She was called in Yemen Mother of Revolution, for she had behaved and demonstrated peacefully. She was awarded in 2011 with Nobel Peace Prize.
During the 2nd Liberian Civil War, she led non-violent women's peace movement, gathering even both Christian and Islamic women seeking just peace and safety, under the horrible situation where women were helpless against men's violence against them frequent happening in those days. Much owing to the said movement growing larger and larger, her efforts finally led to the end of war in 2003. She was jointly awarded in 2011 with Nobel Peace Prize. Still active enough to work for women and girls across the world.
In 2000's the anti-government group, Taliban, taking control of some parts of Pakistan, bombed and destroyed many schools, commanding girls not to go to school and study. She had been appealing on unanimous blogs for children to claim rights for education, and she was shot in the head on the way home from school by the armed militants. Miraculously she recovered from that wound, made speech at the United Nations and gathered empathies and supports from around the world. Awarded in 2014 with Nobel Peace Prize.
He founded NGO, South Asia Slaves Liberation League, aiming at the eradication of forced labors and human sales of children in poverty in India. He fought and struggled hard to save and rescue children in India suffering from unlawful labors and exploitation. His faith never wavered and went on in his efforts to rescue the children, whose employers even pointed a gun threateningly at him. Awarded in 2014 with Nobel Peace Prize.
ICAN, International Campaign for Nuclear Weapons Abolition, is the international NGO aiming at making nuclear weapons unlawful and abolished. ICAN was founded in Vienna in 2007 on basis of International Doctors' Meeting Against Nuclear War, and consisted of 468 members of NGOs from 101 states across the world, as of October, 2017. Awarded in 2017 with Nobel Peace Prize, for their contribution to the birth of Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.
He was the greatest German-born theoretical physicist, who developed the theory of relativity. He felt shocked by the fact that his own theory had been used to give birth to atomic bombs, two of which were actually and first dropped on human races in Hiroshima and Nagawaki. He generally appealed for the science to be used only for peace purpose, and signed the Declaration of Russell and Einstein, demanding the discontinuation of wars as well as abolition of nuclear weapons. This declaration, which was signed by nine world-famed scientists, later developed to Pugwash Conferences.
After retiring from having been a big-shot as world famed actress, she devoted her later life as an goodwill ambassador for UNICEF, United Nations International Children's Fund. During WWII's ending aftermath, she was another person who received assistance such as food and medical cares from a charity organization, predecessor of UNICEF. She worked on to not only support children but also make P.R. activities mostly in such countries as Ethiopia, Somalia and other dozen countries worldwide which were poverty stricken and very short of food , for 4 years between 1989 and 1992 when she passed away.
At age of 1year and 9 months, she lost her eye sights and hearings suffering from hyper temperature. Though she was a double disabled person, she had hopped vigorously and actively around the world in order to save and rescue the disabled people. Not only worked on those activities but also got herself involved in such human rights issues as women's suffrage and civil rights movement. She even objected to capital punishment as well as child's labors.
At age of 1 and half year, he got heavily burned by his left hand. He received a surgery operation, which miraculously allowed his burned fingers to function even awkwardly. This successful surgery had changed his life enormously and triggered his hope to become a doctor. Being a doctor, he went on in his efforts to get involved mainly in the research in bacteriology, contributing to that area, discovering the agent of syphilis or causes of yellow fever. Having made public a nmuber of papers and thesis, he had been nominated three times as a candidate for Nobel Phisiology and Medical Prize.
He had made enornous fortune by inventing dynamite and keeping other related patents. It was why he was once condemned as Father having helped invent a human killing machine. In later life he left a will, “My fortune should be alloted to the people who have made great contibutions in each field of phisics, chemistry, phisiology, medicine, literature and peace.” in a hope for better appraisal on his achievement. This developed to later Nobel Prizes. Nobel Prize Award Ceremony is every year held on December 10th , the anniversary of Nobel's death.
She was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales. She had become the most famed supporter of Anti-Land-Mines Activists since she had appeared in news scenes, walking on the lands just gotten rid of land-mines. Moreover she had changed the currently known notion about HIV patients, by being seen on the news shaking hands without gloves with HIV patients at the HIV ward of hospital first opened in Britain, of direct and unprotected touch with HIVs' causing the transmission of the deathly disease.
During the 2nd World War, Sugihara was sent by Japanese government to Lithuania to serve as vice consul there for the Japanese Empire. Helping Jew refugees in miserable situations who had been persecuted by Nazis Germany, he had never stopped hand-issuing Transit Visas, consequently helped about 6 thousand Jews, completely against Japan's command not to help them. According to his wife, Sugihara had never regreted what he had done in Lithuania. Before his death, Islael declared him “Righteous Among the Nations” for his aid to the refugees in Lithuania during the war. People meanwhile call him “Schindler of the East”.
His real name was Robert Friedmann. As a war-zone photographer, from Spain Civil Wal to North Africa, Normandy invasion during WWII, he vigorously hopped around the war zones, never paying any attention to his own life, taking a huge number of war pictures. While taking pictures in Indosina(present: Vietnam), he got blown by a mine to death.
Although the slaves system had been officially abolished, related cases and offenses from racial discrimination were still not gone because it had been long and heavily rooted in America. There happened an incident in 1955 in which a black woman named Rosa Perks did not give her sitting seat to a demanding white, eventually being arrested. King rose up and started protesting against this incident, putting into action his bus-boycott movements. Even going into the court, he and black people finally won the sentence decreeing the bus segregation being against the constitution. Besides he went on his Non violence policy advancing the civil rights movement. Was awarded in 1964 with Nobel Peace Prize.